Behn, Aphra

(1640-1689)
   Behn (formerly Johnson), a dramatist, novelist, and poet, is said to have been the first Englishwoman known to earn her living by writing. However, this could be challenged by Emelia Lanier (see entry), whose poem "Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum" ("Eve's Apology in Defence of Women") was published in 1611. Unrewarded for her time as a Jacobite spy in Holland and briefly imprisoned for debt, she began to write to support herself. Between 1670 and 1688 her output of plays, poetry and novels was prodigious. She published Poems on Several Occasions (1684), and Miscellany, another collection of poems, in 1685. She is buried in the East Walk Cloisters of Westminster Abbey. One of her shorter poems "And Forgive Us Our Trespasses"-reveals her keen religious belief. Some of her other poems: "A Thousand Martyrs I Have Made," "In Imitation of Horace," "On the Death of E. Waller, Esq.," "Silvio's Complaint: A Song," "Song from Abdelazar," "The Disappointment," "The Dream. A Song," "The Invitation: A Song," "To My Lady Morland at Tunbrige," "To the Fair Clarinda," "'Twas There, I Saw My Rival Take."
   Sources: BBC: Historic Figures-Aphra Ben (www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/behn_aphra.shtml). Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Everyman's Book of English Verse. John Wain, ed. J.M Dent, 1981. The Aphra Behn Page (www.lit-arts.net/Behn/begin-ab.htm). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Behn, Aphra — Behn, Aphra, eine englische Dichterin, berühmt wegen ihres Talentes und ihrer ausgezeichneten Schönheit. Sie hieß eigentlich Johnson, lebte in ihrer frühesten Jugend in Surinam, heirathete den Kaufmann Behn, ging mit diesem nach England und dann… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Behn, Aphra — born July 1640, Harbledown?, Kent, Eng. died April 16, 1689, London English dramatist, novelist, and poet, the first Englishwoman known to earn her living by writing. Her early life is obscure (as is her original surname), but she spent most of… …   Universalium

  • Behn, Aphra — (jul. 1640, ¿Harbledown?, Kent, Inglaterra–16 abr. 1689, Londres). Poetisa, dramaturga y novelista inglesa, fue quizás la primera escritora inglesa que se ganó la vida escribiendo. Se tienen pocos antecedentes de sus primeros años; sólo se sabe… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Behn, Aphra —  (1640–1689) English writer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Behn, Aphra (Johnston) — (1640 1689)    Novelist and dramatist, dau. of a barber named Johnston, but went with a relative whom she called father to Surinam, of which he had been appointed Governor. He, however, d. on the passage thither, and her childhood and youth were… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Aphra Behn — (July 10, 1640–April 16, 1689) was a prolific dramatist of the Restoration and was one of the first English professional female writers. Her writing participated in the amatory fiction genre of British literature.Early lifeThe personal history of …   Wikipedia

  • Aphra Behn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Aphra Behn Aphra Behn (Wye, Kent, 1640 Londres, 16 de abril de 1689), escritora y espía británica. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aphra Behn — [Aphra Behn] (1640–89) an English writer of plays, novels and poems. She was probably the first professional woman writer in England. Her best known works include the play The Rover (1678) and the novel Oroonoko (1688), an attack on ↑slavery …   Useful english dictionary

  • Behn — Behn, Aphra, eine durch Schönheit, Witz und Abenteuer berufene engl. Dichterin und Schriftstellerin, geb. 1640 in Wyn, gest. 1689 in London, Tochter eines Barbiers (angeblich des Gouverneurs von Surinam), Johnson, wurde in Westindien frei erzogen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aphra Behn — Esquisse d’un portrait d’Aphra Behn. fr …   Wikipédia en Français

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